Written by Mekong Institute
Labor migration has become a very important way of life for the Myanmar people living in rural areas, since 1990. This paper investigates the causes of migration and to what extent the economic well-being of migrant-sending households has improved after migration. Data for the analysis was drawn from the author s survey and interviews conducted in Mon State, Myanmar. The data reveals that unemployment and low income are two of the factors causing the migration. The analysis compares household assets before and after migration, and investigates the perception of change in economic well-being and level of poverty as compared to five years ago, prior to the migration of a household member. The data reveals that remittances can significantly increase the total income of migrant-sending households. However, such households cannot solely depend on remittances to improve economic well- being. The economic well-being of households with more than one source of income has improved significantly when compared to five years ago.