The research team would like to acknowledge with thanks, the financial and technical support provided to this research project by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) under the Phnom Penh Plan for Development Management (PPP) Project. The authors wish to express their special thanks to Cayetano Paderanga and Christopher Gan, research advisors, for their valuable contribution to the development of the research methods and instruments, and in the overall analysis of the research fi ndings, and to Visit Limsombunchai, peer reviewer, for his insightful critique and appraisal of the final report. The authors appreciate the very useful comments provided by other research advisors as well as colleagues from other research teams during the many workshops held to discuss the research report. The authors are thankful for the valuable inputs provided by Nguyen Quoc Viet, Vu Thanh Huong, and Nguyen Thi Thu Hang, University of Economics and Business, Viet Nam National University, Ha Noi; Le Viet Thai, Department of Economic Institutions, Central Institute for Economic Management (Viet Nam Ministry of Planning and Investment); Cao Daming, Yunnan Research and Coordination Office for Lancang-Mekong Sub-regional Cooperation (People’s Republic of China); Hor Peng and Chheang Meng Hiek, the Royal University of Law and Economics (Cambodia). Finally, our special thanks go to ADB’s PPP team—to Alfredo Perdiguero and Carolina Guinea for their overall guidance and management of the research program, to Jordana Queddeng for managing the business arrangements and the publications processes, to Caroline Ahmad and Leticia de Leon for editing the manuscripts, to Pamela Asis-Layugan for her continuing and solid support, and to Alona Mae Agustin for her assistance in the overall implementation of the program.